Hardev Singh Shergill : Origin Of The Universe, Evolution And Creation Of Man In The Guru Granth Sahib

The Universe

The Universe




These are excerpts from Hardev Singh Shergill’s lengthy editorial on the topics of biological evolution, origin of the species, the origin of the Universe as found in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The actual verses in  Gurumukhi script cannot be displayed on this web page.  The authors interpretation is found in parens:


Free Thought:

Guru Nanak rejected all the man made religions and their Gods based on Faith. He was a Free Thinker who like today’s Scientists, used his ‘bibek budhi’ to discover the truth and urged his followers to do the same and reject Faith based religions:


First evaluate the goods, then buy (first evaluate an idea or philosophy before accepting it).
AGGS, M1, p.1410


Origin Of The Cosmos:

ਕੀਤਾ ਪਸਾਉ ਏਕੋ ਕਵਾਉ ॥
ਤਤਸ ਤੇ ਹੋਏ ਲਖ ਦਰੀਆਉ ॥


The universe exploded from one source of energy (One Singularity) and started to expand.
Thereafter many things appeared.
AGGS, Jap 16, p 3.


Origin Of Life On Earth

qy pvnw BieAw pvnY qy jlu hoie ]
jl qy iqRBvxu swijAw Git Git joiq smoie ]


The True One created the air; air produced water and it is water wherein evolved the world of life with Cosmic consciousness ( Universal consciousness).
AGGS, M 1, p. 19.


Evolution  Of Species

keI jnm Bey kIt pqMgw ]
lK caurwsIh join BRmwieAw ]


Many births (different evolutionary stages of life) created worm and insect. Many births created elephant, fish and deer. Many births created bird and snake. Many births created ox and horse, which are yoked. Similarly, it took a very long time for the human body to evolve through many evolutionary stages of life. Now is your time to meet the Master of the universe, the Creator. Pause. The matter constituting the human body was recycled many times as rocks and mountains. Many births resulted in abortion (defective mutations resulting in death of the species). Many births produced plant life. It took innumerable births to produce a human body.
AGGS, M 5, p. 176.


The author states:
Similarly Guru Nanak turned the Hindu concept of Transmigration into ‘Origin of Species’ attributed to Charles Darwin 400 years after Guru Nanak. Homo sapiens evolved through countless forms of life like other species ants, worms, moths, fish, elephants, deer, snakes and domestic animals like horses and bullocks starting from inanimate matter, the basic elements. Moreover, he goes on to say that basic elements were recycled as inanimate matter like rocks and mountains before the creation of the “building blocks of life” for the evolution of a living cell.


Life In The Cosmos

jil Qil jIAw purIAw loAw Awkwrw Awkwr]

There are living beings in water, on land and in the Cosmos.

AGGS, M 1, p. 466.




dyhI mwtI bolY pauxu
buJu ry igAwnI mUAw hY kauxu]
mUeI suriq bwdu AhMkwru]
Eh n mUAw jo dyKxhwru]

The body is made of earth (various elements) and it is the air (breath) that keeps it alive. O wise one, then tell me who died because the body and the air it breathed are still here? It is consciousness that died along with disputes caused by egotistical pride, but the One (Creator) who takes care of all does not die.

AGGS, M 1, p. 152






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